25 từ vựng đắt giá để đạt điểm cao IELTS
- Posted by: havina
- Chuyên mục : Thư viện
Dưới đây là 25 từ vựng đã được HAVINA Language Academy tổng hợp và biên soạn lại một chút để tiện hơn cho các bạn khi học. Với mỗi từ sẽ có cách đọc chuẩn theo từ điển http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/, từ đồng nghĩa và các ví dụ cụ thể cho các bạn khi sử dụng. Hi vọng lượng từ vựng này sẽ hữu ích cho các bạn trong quá trình ôn luyện, HAVINA Language Academy sẽ tiếp tục tổng hợp thêm những tài liệu hữu ích cho các bạn nhé! <3
1. On par /ɒn pɑː/
Meaning: equal to someone or something
Synonym: commensurate/ equal/ proportionate
Speaking: I'm diligent and I am not afraid of hard work. My grades last semester were on par with the best students in my program, so I feel it would be accurate to say I am motivated by success
Writing: After looking at both sides of this discussion, my personal sentiments are on par with the idea that strict parental control produces a more productive member of society.
2. Volatile /ˈvɒlətʌɪl/
Meaning: something unstable/ negative in nature changeable
Synonym: changeable/ fickle
Speaking: My professional schedule has been quite volatile this past year. I've thus found it difficult to maintain hobbies. I tend to exercise when I can, but I wouldn't say there is a regular pattern to it
Writing task 1: The figures exhibit volatility between the years 1996 and 2000; however, a reversion to stability is seen in 2002.
Writing task 2: For example, the volatile nature of weather in Caribbean countries can make tourism unpredictable and therefore, unreliable. For these countries, providing people with greater access to the Internet would empower workers and allow them to both educate themselves and develop online businesses in the services sector. Thus, because a varied economy promotes stability, tourist dependent countries should do what they can to establish other industries
3. Plateau /ˈplatəʊ/
Meaning: a period of time that shows inactivity stability
Synonym: quiescent period, levelling-off period
Speaking: When I first started studying English in Australia, my skills grew rapidly. However, after I returned to my home country, my language abilities unfortunately plateaued/hit a plateau. I attribute this to the fact that I did not have anyone to practice English with
Writing task 1: Following a rapid growth from 60 to 180 barrels in the first month of 2002, corn oil production hit plateau of 200 barrels between February and April. In May, however, the trend once again reverts to climbing and reaches the highest for the year at 275 barrels.
4. Pique /pi:k/
Meaning: to describe something that stimulates interests; to provoke; arouse
Synonym: irritate, rouse, whet
Speaking: After visiting a science and technology museum as a child, my interest in computer programming was piqued.
Writing task 2 Firstly, technology can pique the interest of students in a way that encourages focus and information retention. For example, modern university lecture halls make it possible for classrooms in Canada to use music, video and the Internet as a means of maintaining the attention of students during class time.
5. Precursor /prɪˈkəːsə/
Meaning: A person or thing that comes before another of the same kind
Synonym: forerunner, predecessor, forefather
Speaking: My interest in geography was the precursor to my studies in cartography."
Writing: Thus, this example makes it clear that a university education acts as a precursor to career growth."
6. Catalyze /ˈkat(ə)lʌɪz/
Meaning: ready for action, movement
Synonym: cause/ accelerate
Speaking: The people I meet at business networking evenings in my city often catalyze professional opportunities.
Writing: Firstly, uniforms act as a catalyst for better classroom behaviour among students.
7. Linear /ˈlɪnɪə/
Meaning: Arranged in or extending along a straight or nearly straight line
Synonym: undeviating/ uninterrupted
Speaking: My plans for the future are fairly linear. I'm completing my undergraduate degree now and intend to follow this with a master's. Education is, therefore, in my foreseeable future."
Writing Task 1: The trend depicted between the months of February and June shows linear growth from 20 XYZ to 75 XYZ.
Writing Task 2: Thus, the progression from an educated background to a high level of business success is often linear.
8. Correlate /ˈkɒrələt/
Meaning: Have a mutual relationship or connection
Synonym: correspond/ agree/ tally/ connect
Speaking: Actually, the career progression of my sister positively correlates with mine. After she left our hometown, she also experienced a significant growth in employment opportunities.
Writing Task 1: The rise in automobile prices in 2008 is negatively correlated with automobile sales for the same year.
9. Rewarding /rɪˈwɔːdɪŋ/
Meaning: Providing satisfaction
Synonym: satisfying/ beneficial/ pleasing
Speaking: I have a rewarding job/ My time in Sydney has been rewarding
Writing: Understanding the molecular basis of the rewarding and reinforcing effects of addictive drugs such as cocaine is important for developing therapies to combat addiction.
10. Avenue /ˈav(ə)njuː/
Meaning: A way of approaching a problem or making progress towards something
Speaking: My father encouraged me to study languages, and this has opened up certain avenues for friendship I would not have otherwise had. For example, I have several close Japanese-speaking friends.
Writing: Firstly, studying a foreign language opens avenues for employment. For instance, ...
11. Afford /əˈfɔːd/
Meaning: Provide or supply
Speaking: My university grades afforded me the opportunity to study abroad.
Writing: For example, the Chinese economic system has afforded the PRC unprecedented financial growth over the past three decades.
12. Actionable /ˈakʃ(ə)nəb(ə)l/
Meaning: Able to be done or acted on; having practical value
Speaking: My university professor gave me several actionable pieces of advice. But most noteworthy was his suggestion that I focus my studies on North African history, as I was both interested in it and am of Tunisian ancestry.
Writing: Firstly, the actionable nature of the skills learned at university is clear. For instance, humanities programs like philosophy, English literature and history push students to exhibit logical progression in their thinking and writing. As these organized thought patterns are often the basis of success in business, it is clear that a link exists between the skills learned at university and the ability one has to accomplish a professional goal.
13. Embody /ɪmˈbɒdi/
Meaning: Be an expression of or give a tangible or visible form to (an idea, quality, or feeling)
Synonym: represent, materialize.
Speaking: My father is an embodiment of a traditional military upbringing. He does everything by routine.
Writing: Firstly, technology in the classroom has undeniable links to academic performance. The use of tablets in Korean classrooms embodies this idea perfectly.
14. Fortify /ˈfɔːtɪfʌɪ/
Meaning: make strong and secure; add to
Synonym: Consolidate, brace, buttress
Speaking: I'm taking courses in the evening after work to fortify my professional skills.
Writing: Thus, the fact that successful attempts are being made by other developing countries to replicate China's growth fortifies the argument that the Chinese economic model is one that accelerates the elimination of poverty in undeveloped nations.
15. Merit /ˈmɛrɪt/
Synonym: benefit, dignity, exellence
Writing: Some people believe that diet and exercise in a population are largely the responsibility of the government. ...Thus, the argument that governments should be responsible for the diets and exercise levels of citizens holds merit.”
16. Contrary /ˈkɒntrəri/
Meaning: to introduce opposing ideas a fact or condition incompatible with another
Synonym: adverse; antithetical
Speaking: Contrary to my personality, my sister is very outgoing and tends to make friends easily.
Writing task 2: On the contrary, several disadvantages stem from the use of technology in the classroom.
17. Parallel /ˈparəlɛl/
Meaning: something that occurs in the same manner very similar and often happening at the same time; very similar and often happening at the same time.
Synonym: aligned, coordinate
Speaking: My university experiences paralleled those of my brother. There are clear parallels between my university experiences and those of my brother
Writing task 2: Firstly, several parallels exist between Harry Potter and other fantasy series you likely have enjoyed. If you liked the setting of The Lord of the Rings, Harry Potter will not disappoint you, as it takes place in a medieval world richly populated by both humans and other forms of intelligent life
18. Embrace /ɪmˈbreɪs/
Meaning: something that is accepted willingly and can be used in one's advantage
Speaking: I embraced the opportunity to study abroad
Writing task 2: Thus, it is clear that students who embrace the study of another language are positioning themselves for future academic and professional opportunities.
19. Hinder /ˈhɪndə/
Meaning: to make (something, such as a task or action) slow or difficult or weaker; hold back
Synonym: block, burden, hamper
Speaking: Distraction has definitely been a challenge for me. Being social, I feel, is a big part of the university experience. However, being too social can hinder a student's ability to focus, and this can directly impact academic performance
Writing task 2: Firstly, addressing corruption around the world can bring protection to the rights of the poor, and this helps better the economic situation of those in need. For example, corruption in China has historically hindered the development of a legal system able to protect the poor against extortion. However, recent anti-corruption campaigns have shed some light on this problem, and this has led to modest improvement in the rights of those that lack wealth.
20. Retain /rɪˈteɪn/
Meaning: to keep (someone) in a position, job, etc.
Speaking: Yes, I believe I will someday. I've travelled quite a bit, but I've always retained a feeling that I'd like to live in my home country long term
Writing task 2: Firstly, if a single language is spoken and taught the world over, this could make it difficult for people to retain their cultural identity.
21. Affectation /afɛkˈteɪʃ(ə)n/
Meaning: a deliberate pretense or exaggerated display
Synonym: appearance; facade
Writing: To a vast majority, fountain pens are an affectation
Each of the performers is distinctive because of his or her unique appearance or affectation.
22. Complacent /kəmˈpleɪs(ə)nt/
Meaning: contented to a fault with oneself or one's actions
Speaking: You only get one life, and if all you ever do with it is grow rich or complacent or comfortable or proud then you might as well not have lived at all.
Writing: Paul believes the medical advances made in treating HIV over the past decade have led to people becoming more complacent and taking more risks.
23. Latent /ˈleɪt(ə)nt/
Meaning: potentially existing but not presently evident or realized
Speaking: If you'll excuse me, I have to go tell my wife and children about my latent homosexual qualities and accompanying gender confusion
Writing: By the twentieth century the investigations of cognitive psychology had established creativity as a latent quality in every person, applicable to any field of human endeavour.
24. Espouse /ɪˈspaʊz/
Meaning: stand up for, support
Synonym: adopt, advocate
Speaking: I write as a white, Anglo-Saxon male, brought up in the Christian tradition, but currently espousing no religious belief
Writing: Boyd espouses the belief that the faculty is there for the purpose of instructing students: politics should not impact the most fundamental and important feature of society.
25. Concomitant /kənˈkɒmɪt(ə)nt/
Meaning: an event or situation that happens at the same time
Synonym: Contributing; Accompanying
Speaking: she loved travel, with all its concomitant worries
Writing: The expression of this gene is associated with concomitant changes in cysteine protease activity of the petals.